Class III malocclusion is very difficult to diagnose and treat. This type of malocclusion involves a series of skeletal and dental compensation components of the cranial and maxillary and mandibular bases. In class III malocclusion caused by mandibular prognathism, orthodontic treatment in growing patients is not a good option and, in most cases, orthognathic surgery is recommended after the end of growth. Approximately 30— 40% of Class III patients have some degree of maxillary deficiency; therefore, maxillary extension devices can be used for orthodontic treatment in early mixed dentition.
In cases where dental components are primarily responsible for Class III malocclusion, early therapeutic intervention is recommended. An electronic search was performed using the Medline database (Entrez PubMed), the Cochrane Collaboration Oral Health Group clinical trial database, Science Direct and Scopus. In this review article, we describe treatment options for Class III malocclusion in growing patients with an emphasis on maxillary extension. It seems that the most important factor in the treatment of class III malocclusion in growing patients is case selection.
The lower jaw has not grown as large as the upper jaw. This example of a Class II malocclusion demonstrates the need for early growth guidance. These opinions are for educational purposes and are by no means an exhaustive explanation of orthodontic diagnosis. Biphasic orthodontics prevents younger patients from having to receive serious orthodontic treatment later in life.
The type of orthodontic treatment a dentist recommends depends largely on your orthodontic problem, the severity of the problem, the patient's convenience, budget, and comfort. Any suspicion of any of the above conditions should be confirmed with a certified orthodontic specialist. This malocclusion is treated with orthodontic procedures that may require the removal of some teeth due to tooth protrusion. The orthodontist may recommend orthodontic appliances for major orthodontic problems or if you want to close gaps and align your teeth quickly.
Orthodontic malocclusions are classified based on the position of the teeth and the ratio of the jaw bones. The American Association of Orthodontists recommends an evaluation by an orthodontist when your child is 7 or 8 years old to evaluate problems that could benefit from early treatment. This is because if orthodontics are implemented early while the teeth and jaw are still developing, orthodontic treatment will be easier and less severe. In an individual who is not growing or possibly hyporesponsive, orthodontic correction may need to be supplemented with orthognathic surgery.
No matter what type of orthodontic treatment you choose, you'll create a beautiful smile to be proud of. Overcrowding in these people usually requires an orthodontic movement while maintaining the position of the jaws.
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